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Polnyi Mihly; 11 <0@B0 1891  22 D52@0;O 1976)  0=3;89A:89 D878:, E8<8: 8 D8;>A>D. >4>< 87 5=3@88; A 1933 3>40 68; 2 5;8:>1@8B0=88, !(. 081>;55 8725AB5= A2>8<8 @01>B0<8 ?> D878G5A:>9 E8<88 8 D8;>A>D88 =0C:8. A=>2=K5 @01>BK ?>A2OI5=K E8<8G5A:>9 :8=5B8:5 8 87CG5=8N :@8AB0;;8G5A:8E AB@C:BC@. 725AB5= :0: A>02B>@ B5>@88 01A>;NB=KE A:>@>AB59 @50:F89 8 A>>B=>H5=8O @Q=AB540->;O=8. @54AB028B5;L ?>AB?>78B8287<0, :@8B8: ?>78B8287<0, 02B>@ :>=F5?F88 ;8G=>AB=>3> (8;8 =5O2=>3>, <>;G0;82>3>) 7=0=8O. >48;AO 2 A25BA:>9 52@59A:>9 A5<L5 0BL >;0=L8 !5A8;8O >; @>48;0AL 2 >AA89A:>9 8<?5@88. Q ?>A;5 >:>=G0=8O 8;5=A:>9 38<=0788 >B5F >B?@028; 2 5=C, GB>1K >B40;8BL >B @>AA89A:8E A>F80;8AB8G5A:8E 45OB5;59 8 ?@54>B2@0B8BL 5Q 0@5AB. 45AL >=0 ?>7=0:><8;0AL 8 2KH;0 70<C6 (1880) 70 8E08;0 >;;0G5:0, 1C4CI53> >BF0 09:;0.. 09:; >;0=8 @>48;AO 2 1891 3>4C 2 C40?5HB55, AB02 ?OBK< @51Q=:>< 2 A5<L5. %>BO >B5F >;0=8 CG0AB2>20; 2 A>>@C65=88 7=0G8B5;L=>9 G0AB8 65;57=>4>@>6=>9 A8AB5<K 5=3@88, 2 1899 3>4C >= ?@0:B8G5A:8 >10=:@>B8;AO.  1904 3>4C 70 3>4 4> 53> :>=G8=K 65=0 8 45B8 ?@8=O;8 ?@>B5AB0=B87<, 87<5=82 D0<8;8N >;;0G5: =0 25=35@A:89 ;04  >;0=8 (>;0=L8  <>;>4>AB8 1K; 1;87>: : ;52>A>F80;8AB8G5A:8< :@C30<. ?@545;5==>5 2;8O=85 B>340 =0 1@0BL52 09:;0 8 0@;0 >:070; @52>;NF8>=5@-=0@>4=8: !. . ;OG:>, A :>B>@K< ?>A;5 >BJ5740 87 8;L=NA0 !5A8;8O >;0=L8 A>E@0=8;0 1;87:85 >B=>H5=8O, >=8 4@C68;8 A5<LO<8. 0@; >;0=8 - 8725AB=K9 M:>=><8AB. 09:; >;0=8 CG8;AO 2 8725AB=>9 ;NB5@0=A:>9 38<=0788 2 C40?5HB5. =B5@5A=>, GB> 87 MB>9 H:>;K 2KH;> F5;>5 A>7257485 25;8:8E CG5=KE. 7 55 AB5= 2KH;8, B0:85 2K40NI85AO CG5=K5 :0: 25;8:89 <0B5<0B8: 6. D>= 59<0=, LQ@4L %525H8 (1885-1966, >15;52A:0O ?@5<8O ?> E8<88 1943), A>740B5;L 3>;>3@0D88 5==8A 01>@ (1900-1979, >15;52A:0O ?@5<8O 1971), D878: .468= 83=5@ (1902-1995, >15;52A:0O ?@5<8O 1963), 5> !F8;0@4 (1898-1964, ?@5<8O -9=HB59=0 1959), >B5F 0<5@8:0=A:>9 2>4>@>4=>9 1><1K -420@4 "5;;5@ (1908-2003). 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